Pilots and crew uses procedures, information, and air navigational devices while flying an airplane. The pilot follows all these procedures and is keen to implement them with the aim of the safety and management of air traffic and a safe access to his final destination.
Flight procedures are very important elements of air navigation that pilots and navigators relies on during the flight. The General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) implements safety standards with regard to air navigation, through licensing and inspecting service providers for designing flight procedures and working on updating laws and implementing the regulations of GACA, in line with International Civil Aviation Organization Laws (ICAO).
The aim is to ensure safety and quality and managing air traffic in the airspace of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in accordance with the strictest international safety standards. All procedures are designed according to main and secondary protection areas for the plane’s route to keep it from the terrain and industrial barriers.
Flight procedures, which includes maps, data and obstacles, with predetermined dates, are published in the Saudi Aviation Manual a regularly issued circular (AIRAC CYCLE) to ensure that it reaches Saudi Airspace Users in sufficient time before the activation date. This to provide them with sufficient time to train using the cycle and update the aircraft’s systems to be ready for use.
For safety, support, organization and accuracy of take-off and landing, pilot are provided with maps that include: “take-off maps” and start from the end of the runway to the beginning of the airway. It helps in organizing the arrival movement to the airport from all directions.
While “landing maps” include more accurate data and information, where the safe altitude of the aircraft over terrain and industrial obstacles is calculated with the determination of velocities and slope angles, and it is in several stages, which includes: ‘the initial stage’ which is the preparation stage, and the “middle stage” in which the aircraft is prepared for landing by lowering landing wheels and speed reduction by lowering the ailerons. In the “final stage” the gradual landing takes place at a pre-calculated angle until the wheels of the plane touches the runway. Meanwhile, there is a stage used in the event that the plane cannot land for any reason related to the plane, airport or weather conditions, which is referred to as a stage of landing failure.
GACA seeks to develop the air transport industry in accordance with the latest regulations in line with developments in the aviation industry at the international level. GACA is working on continuing to maintain the highest safety standards in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and to work to update laws and regulations in line with developments in the aviation sector.
Internationally, GACA also issues and renews licenses, approvals and certificates for the civil aviation industry in accordance with laws and regulations.